November 23rd, 2015
04:33 PM ET

Secretary of State John Kerry on COP21 in Paris

CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS featured an exclusive interview with Secretary of State John Kerry discussing the U.S. participation in the upcoming COP21 Climate Change Conference in Paris. This interview was taped in the Benjamin Franklin Room at the State Department on Thursday, Nov. 12.

MANDATORY CREDIT for reference and usage: “CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS”

HIGHLIGHT

Secretary Kerry on advance target setting prior to the upcoming multinational summit on climate change in Paris

Now that's why President Obama reached an agreement with President Xi - a ground-breaking, historic agreement - to join together to announce the intended emissions reductions that both countries would make as part of the Paris negotiations in hopes of inspiring other countries to do the same. Well, guess what? Now over 150 countries have announced their targets for emissions reductions, including India.  Now, they're not enough yet and - for - by anybody - we've all got to move more….

TRANSCRIPT

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

FAREED ZAKARIA, HOST: Let me ask you about climate change, Mr. Secretary. You are embarking on a big push for the Paris summit. You gave a speech this week. In that speech, you were very eloquent in criticizing critics in the United States who are still skeptical about climate change.

But what do you say to those who say, look, that's all well and good, but the real skeptics, in a sense, are countries like India and Indonesia and, to an extent, even China, despite some changes, that still continue to use massive amounts of coal, emit huge amounts of carbon dioxide; and that whatever the United States or Western - or Europe may do, that's the real problem; and in those countries, they want to develop, they're not going to stop themselves from developing; the Paris treaty is not legally binding; so we will just cripple ourselves without doing much for climate change?

JOHN KERRY, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: Well, Fareed, that's the challenge. And it doesn't make a lot of sense to develop and kill yourself as you do it. It - you know, we've learned lessons about the downsides of the way in which we have produced energy - electricity and power and transportation and so forth - over centuries now. And we have to move to a low-carbon economy, all of us.

If the United States, all by itself, tomorrow, were to drive, you know, carpool to work and bicycle to work and plant a bunch of trees and lower our emissions to zero, we can't solve the problem alone. India, China, every country in the world has to be part of it.

Now that's why President Obama reached an agreement with President Xi - a ground-breaking, historic agreement - to join together to announce the intended emissions reductions that both countries would make as part of the Paris negotiations in hopes of inspiring other countries to do the same.

Well, guess what? Now over 150 countries have announced their targets for emissions reductions, including India.

Now, they're not enough yet and - for - by anybody - we've all got to move more. But if we come together in Paris - and I believe we can and hopefully will - to have an ambitious set of targets that we will all try to reach - not, you know - that we all agree to voluntarily try to reach - that will be an incredible signal to the marketplace, which already is seeing investment move into clean, alternative renewable different kinds of energy production. The solution to climate change is energy policy.

So it's a question of what choices we need to make in order to preserve our ability on this planet to produce food, to have water, to live where people live today without massive dislocations of human beings, without massive damage from intensified storms and wildfires and droughts, and all of the downsides that we're already beginning to measure.

So this is actually opportunity, not downside. And I think Paris will help define the full breadth of that opportunity. There’s going to be trillions of dollars that will be invested in these new lower-carbon energy sources, and I think it's going - it can - has the chance of transforming everybody's economy for the better.

ZAKARIA: But Mr. Secretary, these countries are announcing these limits - none of it is legally binding, because the treaty is not legally binding.

KERRY: Well, first of all, it's not a treaty, but it - there could be parts of it that are going to be legally binding. The targets themselves may not be. That, you know, is yet to be determined.

I recently made a comment about this, and people said, well the whole thing is not going to be legally binding. That's not accurate. There could be parts of it - the transparency, the accountability, the further down the road - I mean, there are different things.

All of that has yet to be decided. That will be decided in Paris.

ZAKARIA: Mr. Secretary, pleasure to have you on, sir.

KERRY: Thank you.

### END ###

November 17th, 2015
12:24 PM ET

Former jihadi: apologies of far left, sensationalism of far right blind us to ending "global Jihadist insurgency" #FZGPS

Sunday's CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS featured an interview with former jihadi and counter-extremism expert Maajid Nawaz, co-founder of Quilliam Foundation, a counter-extremism group. Nawaz discusses how partisan politics in the U.S. and Europe are blinding the world from effectively fighting what he describes as a "global Jihadist insurgency."  Nawaz also discusses why religious extremism is attractive to young people born and raised in the West, and his own journey from extremist to a founder of an organization working to stop radicalization and promote tolerance and democracy.  Below, is a full transcript of the interview – Nawaz also appears in Fareed Zakaria's special one-hour investigation into the origins and aims of the terror group known as "ISIS" or "Daesh," that airs tonight,Tuesday, Nov. 17.  Blindsided: How ISIS Shook the World airs at 9:00pm Eastern on CNN/U.S.

FULL POST


Topics: 2016 Election • Breaking News • CNN • CNN Intenational Shows • CNN U.S. • Fareed Zakaria • Fareed Zakaria GPS • France • Iraq • ISIS • Syria
November 15th, 2015
03:15 PM ET

Secretary of State John Kerry on the Obama Administration’s approach to ISIL #FZGPS

Today's CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS featured Secretary of State John Kerry discussing the next steps for the U.S. response to the crisis in Syria and Iraq. This interview took place in the Benjamin Franklin room at the U.S. State Department on Wednesday, Nov. 11.

INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State: I mean there is a concerted strategy here, Fareed.  You know, I keep hearing people say well, what's the strategy, what's the strategy? The strategy is clear. President Obama, at the very beginning, said we're going to degrade and defeat ISIL.  We're going to stabilize the countries in the region - Jordan, Lebanon, work with Turkey - and we are going to seek a political settlement.

That is exactly the strategy today and it is working, to a degree, not as fast as we would like, perhaps, but we are making gains.  We have liberated major communities. About 75 percent of the border between northern Syria and Turkey has been secured.  You have another piece where we are engaging in an operation with the Turks to secure the final piece west of the Euphrates River.

There is pressure being put on Raqqa. There are major disruptions to the leadership and command and control of ISIL. Their territory has been shrunk by some 17,000 square kilometers.

There's a difference in the way they have to operate as a result of our operations.  And I believe that when you combine what is happening in Iraq with what is happening in Syria, there's an enormous amount of pressure that is continually being ramped up with respect to ISIL.

Now, ultimately, we want more forces on the ground to be able to - not ours - they're going to have to be people on the ground...

ZAKARIA:  But isn't that the key, which is in Syria, you can defeat ISIL or Daesh, but then somebody has to govern that real estate?

KERRY: Correct.

ZAKARIA: And what has tended to happen is, you know, there - we don't have local partners other than the Kurds.  You leave - or the victorious forces leave, and ISIL will come back or Assad comes back. There aren't - those moderate Syrians, just by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs' own admission - there just aren't many of them.

KERRY:  We understand that. But on the other hand, if - if you can move rapidly towards a political settlement, rapidly, over the next six months, towards an election, etc.; if you could have a ceasefire, if - these are all ifs; I understand that. But you have to have several strategies. And we do.

One is the military pressure against ISIL, the military pressure that has taken place from the moderate opposition against Assad, and the political track, where we're trying to get the parties united.  And in - two weeks ago in Vienna, we had a major step forward where everybody, including Iran and Russia, signed on to a unified secular Syria, to maintaining the structures of the government, to all opposing ISIL, and to protecting minorities, coming up with a - with a process that leads to an election.  And now we're working at doing that.

Iran and Russia and all of the rest of our partners - Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar, etc.  - are committed to driving this political process that will have a transitional council that will begin to take over management of certain activities in Syria yet to be defined and determined in the negotiation, and that will lead to a sort of transitional process.

And ultimately, that is where we hope the issue of Assad and his future will be resolved.

### END ###

November 13th, 2015
03:36 PM ET

#FZGPS Preview: Secretary of State John Kerry on U.S. strategy against ISIS

On Sunday, Nov. 15, CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS will feature an exclusive interview with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on the next steps for the U.S. response to the crisis in Syria and Iraq, whether there is still hope for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, if Iran’s actions towards the West have improved since the P5+1 nuclear deal, and what to expect from next week’s global conference on climate change.

Below is an excerpt from this exclusive interview which took place in the Benjamin Franklin Room at the U.S. State Department on Thursday.

This interview will air in its entirety on November 15, 2015 at 10am &1pm ET on CNN/U.S.

MANDATORY CREDIT for reference and usage: “CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS”

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State: I mean there is a concerted strategy here, Fareed.  You know, I keep hearing people say well, what's the strategy, what's the strategy? The strategy is clear. 

President Obama, at the very beginning, said we're going to degrade and defeat ISIL.  We're going to stabilize the countries in the region - Jordan, Lebanon, work with Turkey - and we are going to seek a political settlement.

That is exactly the strategy today and it is working, to a degree, not as fast as we would like, perhaps, but we are making gains.  We have liberated major communities. About 75 percent of the border between northern Syria and Turkey has been secured.  You have another piece where we are engaging in an operation with the Turks to secure the final piece west of the Euphrates River. 

There is pressure being put on Raqqa.  There are major disruptions to the, uh, leadership, the command and control of ISIL.  Their territory has been shrunk by some 17,000 square kilometers.

There is a difference in the way they have to operate as a result of our operations.  And I believe that when you combine what is happening in Iraq with what is happening in Syria, uh, there's an enormous amount of pressure that is continually being ramped up with respect to ISIL. 

Now, ultimately, we want more forces on the ground to be able to - not ours.  They're going to have to be people on the ground.

###


Topics: Breaking News • CNN • CNN International • CNN U.S. • Fareed Zakaria • Fareed Zakaria GPS • Iraq • ISIS • Syria
November 3rd, 2015
12:41 PM ET

Dr. Richard Dawkins on Dr. Ben Carson: "he clearly doesn't understand the fundamental theorem of his own subject"

Sunday’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS on CNN/U.S. features an interview with renowned evolutionary biologist, Richard Dawkins, DPhil.  He discussed the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign and the beliefs of the candidates and the influence of those beliefs upon their policy positions.

MANDATORY CREDIT for reference and usage: “CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS”

Dr. Dawkins explains why he says “the most powerful evidence [for evolution] is probably not fossils: http://cnn.it/1XMDE1P

Dr. Dawkins on why the GOP fills him “with despair”:  http://cnn.it/1LOpRm2

FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

FAREED ZAKARIA, HOST: In 1859, Charles Darwin published his seminal book, On the Origin of Species.  In it, he laid out his theory of evolution – eventually applying it to all animals from finches to human beings. The opposing theory, of course, is creationism – which states that God created men and women in his own image, as the Bible states.

According to the Pew Research Center, 98 percent of the professional scientists who are members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science believe that humans and other living things have evolved over time. But when the American public was polled, just 65 percent said they believed that. And of the GOP candidates? Well, as you'll find out in a moment, almost none of them seem to believe it.

I wanted to learn about evolution from one of the greatest scientific thinkers out there. Richard Dawkins is a British evolutionary biologist. He's a long-time Oxford professor who has written prolifically - on science and atheism, which he espouses. He has a new memoir out called, Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science (2015).   Listen in.  (more after the jump)

FULL POST

November 2nd, 2015
09:08 AM ET

#FZGPS: Ann Selzer & Nate Cohn deconstruct the meaning of national polls to the 2017 Iowa caucuses

Sunday’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS on CNN/U.S. featured an interview with polling experts, Ann Selzer, Selzer & Company, and Nate Cohn, The New York Times.  They discussed the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign polls and what they mean at this stage of the campaign.

MANDATORY CREDIT for reference and usage: “CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS”

FULL POST

October 26th, 2015
05:06 PM ET

#LongRoadtoHell America in Iraq hosted by @Fareed Zakaria debuts TONIGHT at 9p on CNN & CNN International

Tonight at 9:00pm, CNN's Fareed Zakaria looks for answers to who is responsible for the chaos in Iraq.  The special hour, Long Road to Hell: America in Iraq debuts tonight at 9:00pm on CNN and CNN International.

Providing new insights and commentary are: former U.K. Prime Minister Tony Blair, former Presidential Envoy to Iraq Paul Bremer, president of the Council on Foreign Relations Richard Haass, Gen. David Petraeus (ret.), former Undersecretary for Defense Douglas Feith, former Counterterrorism Czar Richard Clarke, and former U.S. diplomat Peter Galbraith.

Viewers can interact with the producers via Twitter during the broadcast by using #LongRoadtoHell.

The one-hour special encores at 12:00am on CNN International.  Global airtimes:

+ Monday October 26 at 9:00pm ET CNN International in North America / 1:00am in UK (Tuesday, October 27) / 2:00am in Europe (Tuesday, October 27)

+ Friday, October 30 at 2:00pmET CNN International in North America / 6:00pm in UK / 7:00pm in Europe

+ Sunday November 1 at 1:00am ET CNN International in North America / 6:00am in UK / 7:00am in Europe

All times Eastern.

###

October 26th, 2015
11:09 AM ET

Long Road to Hell – Facebook Live Chat with CNN's Fareed Zakaria at noon #FZGPS

Social-Fareed-Facebook-Chat

Long Road to Hell: America in Iraq, hosted by Fareed Zakaria, debuts tonight on CNN/U.S. and CNN International at 9:00pm.  Prior to the special, at noon today, Zakaria will be answering questions about this topic via CNN’s Facebook page.  All times Eastern.

###

October 21st, 2015
03:41 PM ET

Long Road to Hell: America in Iraq hosted by CNN’s Fareed Zakaria airs Monday on CNN and CNN International

RTL_end_page_sd

President George W. Bush had a dream that Iraq would become a beacon of hope in the Middle East.   Now, with the region wracked by chaos, civil war, and violence, some U.S. presidential candidates are pledging to order American “boots on the ground” again in Iraq – this time to fight ISIS.  The crucial question is:  do we understand the Iraq we would be going back to?  CNN’s Fareed Zakaria will take a timely look at the reality of what is left of Iraq in Long Road to Hell: America in Iraq.

Zakaria asks tough questions of many of the key architects of America’s military intervention in Iraq over the last dozen years: Who is responsible for the unraveling of Iraq?  Do those who want to send American troops to Iraq again understand the mistakes of the past?  And, is Iraq even a country anymore?

Zakaria was himself an early supporter of the 2003 military intervention in Iraq. Explaining how his views evolved over time, Zakaria points out the consequences of the major strategic choices. He argues there were too few troops sent to maintain post-war order once the American-led coalition had conquered Saddam’s army. And, greater inclusion of the sectarian groups in Iraq could have meant more regional support for the nation-building efforts that followed the collapse of the Baathist regime.

In Long Road to Hell, Zakaria examines these vital pivot points and mistakes – some previously unknown until now. Offering answers and exploring the challenges are:

  • Tony Blair, U.K. Prime Minister (1997 – 2007), Quartet Representative for the Middle East (2007 – 2015);
  • Antony Blinken, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State (2014 – present);
  • Paul Bremer, Presidential Envoy to Iraq (2003 – 2004);
  • Richard Clarke, Special Advisor to the President for Cyberspace (2001 – 2003); National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism Czar (1998 – 2003); Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence (Ronald Reagan Administration);
  • Douglas Feith, Undersecretary of Defense for Policy (2001 – 2005);
  • Peter Galbraith, former U.S. diplomat;
  • Richard Haass, PhD, president, Council on Foreign Relations (2003 – present); former lead U.S. official on Afghanistan and Northern Ireland (2001 – 2003); and
  • Gen. David Petraeus (ret.), Commander, Multi-National Force in Iraq (2007 – 2008); Commander, International Security Assistance Force and Commander, U.S. Forces in Afghanistan (2010 – 2011); Commander, U.S. Central Command (2008 – 2010).

The one-hour primetime special, Long Road to Hell: America in Iraq, hosted by Fareed Zakaria, is scheduled to premiere in simulcast on Monday, Oct. 26 at 9:00pm on CNN/U.S. and CNN International. It will also encore on CNN/U.S. at 12:00am.  Zakaria will be answering questions about this topic via CNN’s Facebook page prior to the special at noon on Monday, Oct. 26. All times Eastern.

###

October 18th, 2015
04:22 PM ET

#FZGPS: President Poroshenko on MH17 and whether Ukraine is ready to join NATO

On Sunday’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS on CNN/U.S. features an exclusive interview with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko who spoke about the Dutch investigation this week that concluded last year’s Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 was shot from the sky by a Russian-made missile and whether Ukraine is ready to join NATO.

MANDATORY CREDIT for reference and usage: “CNN’s FAREED ZAKARIA GPS”

FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

FAREED ZAKARIA, HOST:  When Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 was shot down over Ukraine 15 months ago, 193 Dutch citizens perished. This week, their nation, the Netherlands, released a damning investigative report on how and why its citizens and 105 others died. The report pointed fingers in two different directions. It said that a Russian-made Bukh missile fired from territory controlled by pro-Russian separatists is what downed the airliner. But the report also put some lesser blame on Ukraine, saying the nation had sufficient reason to close its air space before the shoot down occurred. Joining me now for an exclusive interview is Ukraine's president, Petro Poroshenko. Thank you for joining me, Mr. President.

PETRO POROSHENKO, PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE: Thank you for the invitation.

ZAKARIA: Do you believe that Ukraine should have shut down its air space, given the knowledge you had, the violence that was already afoot?

POROSHENKO: Yeah, of course, Ukraine is strictly follow all the recommendations of the ICAO and at that time we closed the air space at the height, it seems to me, 9,725 meters. We don't have any information which give us the necessity to close the air spot above this echelon and we strictly followed the recommendation of the ICAO.

We cannot imagine that the Russia will transfer these highly sophisticated and very technological weapons to the hands of the terrorists and they don't have any background, any–basis for making this decision.

ZAKARIA: One of the things people are trying to figure out in the West is, is Vladimir Putin searching for a negotiated settlement in Ukraine? Is he searching for a way to deescalate the situation, to stabilize the situation because he faces a shrinking economy, sanctions, a collapse of oil prices, and now, of course, he has this intervention in Syria? Do you believe that Putin is looking for some kind of settlement?

Do you see any signs of that?

POROSHENKO: I wish, but unfortunately, no. Unfortunately, the - until the September, we have an active committed operation and only now, we have a cease-fire. But unfortunately we don't have any continuation of the implementation of the Minsk process. The same as I told you, the first decision which Putin should make is withdraw his troops from Ukrainian territory. And I think that the absolutely irresponsible behavior of Russia in Syria, when he launched this operation, this is simply continued the logic, logic which we said even last year, at first, it was the Crimea, second, it was Donbass, third, it is Syria, fourth maybe, I don't know, Afghanistan.

And nobody knows where the Russian green soldiers can appear in the very next moment.

ZAKARIA: Mr. President, you were seen recently in a Ukrainian plane that has been outfitted to NATO standards. And so I wonder do you want Ukraine to become a member of NATO?

POROSHENKO: This is a very important question. Of course, I want peace, security as a president for my country and for my people, especially in this situation, where we are under attack of Russia, when we are the object of aggression. And NATO today is maybe the only most effective mechanism to provide security, because after Russian aggression in my country, they completely destroyed all the post-war security systems based on the statute and charter and principles of the United Nations, because when we have a situation, one of the permanent members of the Security Council is an aggressor, that - and he's using his veto right, that means that the old mechanism which was created is not working.

And now it is my responsibility to provide and implement reform in my country, to transform the country to the NATO. And then we will have this discussion. I think I need for that at least five, six years.

ZAKARIA: Mr. President, a pleasure to have you on.

POROSHENKO: Thank you very much indeed.

END

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